Applications and infrastructure Definitions

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  • R

    reconfigurable tactile display (RTD)

    A reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) is a control interface that provides physical touch input, but that can be configured by programming.

  • remote wakeup (RWU)

    Remote wakeup (RWU) is a general term for the powering-up of (turning on) a computer over a network.

  • remote-control software

    Remote-control software is programming in a central or server computer that is used to control other computers (or their users) at a distance, either under the control of an administrator or at the request of the user. Although remote-control software existed before the World Wide Web (for remote diagnosis of computer problems and other purposes), the Web has essentially built a platform on which anyone can build a new remote-control application that can reach millions of computers and their users. Remote-control software can be viewed as one class of application furnished by application service providers.

  • resonance charging

    Resonance charging is a wireless charging method for items that require large amounts of power, such as an electric car, robot, vacuum cleaner or laptop computer. The method works over small distances (3-5 meters)... (Continued)

  • RMON (Remote Network Monitoring)

    RMON (Remote Network Monitoring) provides standard information that a network administrator can use to monitor, analyze, and troubleshoot a group of distributed local area networks (LANs) and interconnecting T-1/E-1 and T-2/E-3 lines from a central site.

  • roaming service

    Roaming service is the ability to get access to the Internet when away from home at the price of a local call or at a charge considerably less than the regular long-distance charges.

  • S

    SAP Mobile Platform (SMP)

    SAP Mobile Platform (SMP) facilitates the development and deployment of business-to-enterprise (B2E) and business-to-customer (B2C) applications through reusable components, drag and drop HTML5 apps and other programming tools.

  • satellite

    In general, a satellite is anything that orbits something else, as, for example, the moon orbits the earth.

  • searching

    On the Internet, searching is just trying to find the information you need. (Continued...)

  • service set identifier (SSID)

    A service set identifier (SSID) is a sequence of characters that uniquely names a wireless local area network (WLAN)... (Continued)

  • short message

    A short message is a brief text message sent to or from a mobile phone subscriber through the Short Message Service (SMS).

  • Short Message Service (SMS)

    SMS (Short Message Service) is a service for sending short messages of up to 160 characters (224 characters if using a 5-bit mode) to mobile devices, including cell phones, smart phones and PDAs... (Continued)

  • short message service center (SMSC)

    A short message service center (SMSC) is the portion of a wireless network that handles SMS operations, such as routing, forwarding and storing incoming text messages on their way to desired endpoints...(Continued)

  • SIM card

    A SIM card, also known as a subscriber identity module, is a smart card that stores identification information that pinpoints a smartphone to a specific mobile network.

  • SIMO (single input, multiple output)

    SIMO (single input, multiple output) is an antenna technology for wireless communications in which multiple antennas are used at the destination (receiver).

  • single stream 802.11n

    Single-stream 802.11n takes advantage of the fact that the second draft of the 802.11n specification does not require the number of antennas on the sending station to be equal to the number on the receiving station.

  • SISO (single input, single output)

    SISO (single input, single output) refers to a wireless communications system in which one antenna is used at the source (transmitter) and one antenna is used at the destination (receiver).

  • Smart Display

    Smart Display is a wireless touch screen display device in development at Microsoft.

  • smartphone

    A smartphone is a cellular telephone with an integrated computer and other features not originally associated with telephones, such as an operating system, web browsing and the ability to run software applications.

  • SMS gateway

    An SMS gateway is a website that allows users to send SMS messages from a web browser to people within the cell served by that gateway. An SMS gateway can also serve as an international gateway for users with roaming capability, allowing SMS communication away from the home network.

  • Snapchat

    Snapchat is a mobile app that allows users to send and receive 'self-destructing' photos and videos. Photos and videos taken with the app are called snaps.

  • sniff subrating

    Sniff subrating is a Bluetooth feature designed to increase battery life as much as 500 percent for devices whose typical usage involves a significant amount of inactive time... (Continued)

  • Socialcast

    Socialcast is an enterprise social networking and collaboration platform by VMware.

  • soft handoff

    In cellular telephone communication, soft handoff refers to the overlapping of repeater coverage zones, so that every cell phone set is always well within range of at least one repeater (also called a base station).

  • solar fade (sun interference)

    Solar fade, also called sun interference, is a phenomenon that occurs in satellite communications on certain occasions when the downlink signal is aligned with the sun's position and it is overcome by signal noise from the sun.

  • Specialized Mobile Radio (SMR)

    Also see Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio (ESMR).

  • spectrum efficiency

    Spectrum efficiency is the optimized use of spectrum or bandwidth so that the maximum amount of data can be transmitted with the fewest transmission errors.

  • Square (Square Register, Square Wallet)

    Square is a mobile payment startup co-founded in 2009 by Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey. Square’s first product, Square Register, allows registered members to accept debit and credit card payments on mobile devices by using the Square Reader, a small card-swipe dongle that plugs into the device's audio jack.

  • Sugar

    Sugar is a graphical user interface GUI developed for the $100 laptop (XO)... (Continued)

  • SWAN (Structured Wireless-Aware Network)

    SWAN (Structured Wireless-Aware Network) is a technology that incorporates a wireless local area network (wireless LAN or WLAN) into a wired wide-area network.

  • swirl

  • T

    TD-SCDMA (time division synchronous code division multiple access)

    TD-SCDMA (time division synchronous code division multiple access) is a mobile telephone standard for wireless network operators who want to move from a second generation (2G) wireless network to a third-generation (3G) one. Supporting data transmission at speeds up to 2 Mbps, TD-SCDMA combines support for both circuit-switched data, such as speech or video, and also packet-switched data from the Internet.

  • telecommuting

    Telecommuting is an arrangement to work outside the traditional office or workplace, usually at home or in a mobile situation.

  • TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio)

    TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio) is a set of standards developed by the European Telecommunications Standardisation Institute (ETSI) that describes a common mobile radio communications infrastructure throughout Europe.

  • text messaging (texting or wireless messaging)

    Text messaging is the act of sending short, alphanumeric communications between cellphones, pagers or other hand-held devices, as implemented by a wireless carrier.

  • text-to-speech (TTS)

    Text-to-speech (TTS) is a type of speech synthesis application that is used to create a spoken sound version of the text in a computer document, such as a help file or a Web page.

  • TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)

    TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) is an encryption protocol included as part of the IEEE 802.11i standard for wireless LANs (WLANs).

  • toothing (Bluetoothing)

    Toothing (sometimes called Bluetoothing) is the practice of contacting strangers via a Bluetooth wireless connection to flirt.

  • touch pad (touchpad)

    A touch pad is a device for pointing (controlling input positioning) on a computer display screen.

  • U

    UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Service)

    UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Service) is a third-generation (3G) broadband, packet-based transmission of text, digitized voice, video, and multimedia at data rates up to 2 megabits per second (Mbps). UMTS offers a consistent set of services to mobile computer and phone users, no matter where they are located in the world. Based on the Global System for Mobile (GSM) communication standard, UMTS is endorsed by major standards bodies and manufacturers and is the planned standard for mobile users around the world.

  • unified messaging (unified messaging system or UMS)

    Unified messaging (sometimes referred to as the unified messaging system or UMS) is the handling of voice, fax, and regular text messages as objects in a single mailbox that a user can access either with a regular e-mail client or by telephone.

  • Universal Windows app

    A Universal Windows app is a software program that uses the Windows 8 or Windows 10 codebase and runs the same way on PCs, Windows tablets and smartphones.

  • V

    Veepers

    Veepers is a product that is used to animate digital images of people (or other creatures) for video presentations in which the characters appear to talk.

  • VMware Horizon Application Manager

    VMware Horizon Application Manager, also known as Horizon App Manager, is an enterprise service for managing access to software. With VMware Horizon Application Manager, employees can use any Internet-capable device to access applications through a secure web portal.  

  • VMware Horizon Mobile

    VMware Horizon Mobile is mobile virtualization and application wrapping software that lets IT administrators control corporate data and applications on end users' smartphones and tablets.

  • VMware Horizon Workspace

    VMware Horizon Workspace is enterprise mobility management software that creates a central repository where users can access corporate data, applications and virtual desktops from a variety of endpoint devices.

  • voice portal (vortal)

    A voice portal (sometimes called a vortal) is a Web portal that can be accessed entirely by voice.

  • VoWLAN (Voice over WLAN)

    VoWLAN (Voice over WLAN) is a method of sending voice information in digital form over a wireless broadband network. The technology is sometimes called "VoWi-Fi" or "Wi-Fi VoIP" because it uses the IEEE 802.11 set of specifications (informally known as "Wi-Fi") for transporting data over wireless local area networks and the Internet. Essentially, VoWLAN is VoIP delivered through wireless technology.

  • VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal)

    VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) is a satellite communications system that serves home and business users.

  • W

    W-CDMA (Wideband Code-Division Multiple Access)

    Also see CDMA, CDMA One, and CDMA2000. W-CDMA (Wideband Code-Division Multiple Access), an ITU standard derived from Code-Division Multiple Access (CDMA), is officially known as IMT-2000 direct spread.

  • WAP (Wireless Application Protocol)

    WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) is a specification for a set of communication protocols to standardize the way that wireless devices, such as cellular telephones and radio transceivers, can be used for Internet access.

  • watchdog timer (WDT)

    A watchdog timer (WDT) is a device or electronic card that performs a specific operation after a certain period of time if something goes wrong with an electronic system and the system does not recover on its own.

  • WAX (Wireless Abstract XML)

    Wireless Abstract XML (WAX) is an abstract markup language and associated tools that facilitate wireless application development.

  • Web texting

    Web texting is two-way text messaging from the Web to a handheld mobile device, usually a cellular phone.

  • WhatsApp

    WhatsApp Messenger is a cross-platform instant messaging application that allows iPhone, BlackBerry, Android, Windows Phone and Nokia smartphone users to exchange text, image, video and audio messages for free. 

  • whip antenna

    A whip antenna is a single-element antenna that can be used with anunbalanced feed line such as coaxial cable,or attached directly to a wirelesstransmitter, receiver, or transceiver.

  • Wi-Fi (802.11x standard)

    Wi-Fi is the popular term for high-frequency wireless local area network (WLAN) technology and a standard that has gained acceptance in many companies as an alternative to a wired LAN.

  • Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)

    Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security standard for users of computing devices equipped with wireless internet connections, or Wi-Fi.

  • Wi-Fi range extender (range expander)

    A Wi-Fi range extender, sometimes called a range expander, is a type of wireless repeater used to expand the reach of a wireless LAN. The device is situated in between a base router or access point and a client that is not close enough to receive acceptable service or one that is on the other side of a barrier.

  • Wibree (Baby Bluetooth)

    Wibree, also called Baby Bluetooth, is a low-power wireless local area network (WLAN) technology that facilitates interoperability among mobile and portable consumer devices such as pagers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), wireless computer peripherals, entertainment devices and medical equipment... (Continued)

  • WiDEN (Wideband Integrated Digital Enhanced Network)

    WiDEN (Wideband Integrated Digital Enhanced Network) is an upgraded version of iDEN (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network), a wireless communications technology originally developed by Motorola in 1993 and deployed by Nextel in 1996 to combine the capabilities of digital cellular telephone, two-way radio, alphanumeric pager and data/fax modem in a single network... (Continued)

  • Windows Live SkyDrive

    Windows Live SkyDrive is a free online file storage system from Microsoft.

  • wireless

    Wireless is a term used to describe telecommunications in which electromagnetic waves (rather than some form of wire) carry the signal over part or all of the communication path.

  • wireless ad-hoc network (WANET)

    A wireless ad-hoc network (WANET) is a type of local area network (LAN) that is built spontaneously to enable two or more wireless devices to be connected to each other without requiring a central device, such as a router or access point.

  • wireless application service provider (WASP)

    WASP is also an acronym for the Web Standards Project.

  • wireless backhaul

    Wireless backhaul is the use of wireless communications systems to get data from an end user to a node in a major network such as the Internet or the proprietary network of a large business, academic institution or government agency... (Continued)

  • Wireless Bitmap (WBMP)

    A Wireless Bitmap (WBMP) is a graphic image format for use when sending Web content to handheld wireless devices.

  • wireless broadband (WiBB)

    Wireless broadband is high-speed Internet and data service delivered through a wireless local area network (WLAN) or wide area network (WWAN).

  • wireless charging

    Wireless charging is any of several methods of charging batteries without the use of cables. The three main methods of wireless charging are radio charging, resonance charging and inductive charging... (Continued)

  • wireless distribution system (WDS)

    A wireless distribution system (WDS) is a method of interconnecting access points (AP) in a wireless local area network (WLAN). WDS makes it possible to expand the network range without requiring that access points connect through a wired backbone.

  • wireless ISP (wireless Internet service provider or WISP)

    A wireless Internet service provider (WISP) is an Internet service provider (ISP) that allows subscribers to connect to a server at designated hot spots (access points) using a wireless connection such as Wi-Fi.

  • wireless LAN (WLAN or Wireless Local Area Network)

    A wireless LAN is one in which a mobile user can connect to a local area network (LAN) through a wireless (radio) connection.

  • Wireless Markup Language (WML)

    WML (Wireless Markup Language), formerly called HDML (Handheld Devices Markup Languages), is a language that allows the text portions of Web pages to be presented on cellular telephones and personal digital assistants (PDAs) via wireless access.

  • wireless number portability

    Wireless number portability is the ability of a mobile customer to retain the same phone number when they switch carriers; wireline-to-wireless number portability allows customers to switch from their landline telephone service to a wireless provider while retaining the same telephone number.

  • wireless point of sale (wireless POS or WPOS)

    Wireless point of sale (wireless POS or WPOS) is the use of wireless devices in retail establishments to facilitate payment for products or services... (Continued)

  • wireless router

    A wireless router is a device in a WLAN (wireless local area network) that determines the next network point to which a packet should be forwarded toward its destination. A wireless router works in the same way as the router in a hard-wired home or business LAN (local area network), but allows greater mobility for notebook or portable computers.

  • wireless Web

    The wireless Web refers to use of the World Wide Web through a wireless device, such as a cellular telephone or personal digital assistant (PDA).

  • WPAN (wireless personal area network)

    A WPAN (wireless personal area network) is a personal area network - a network for interconnecting devices centered around an individual person's workspace - in which the connections are wireless.

  • Y

    Yagi antenna (Yagi-Uda array)

    A Yagi antenna, also known as a Yagi-Uda array or simply a Yagi, is a unidirectional antenna commonly used in communications when a frequency is above 10 MHz.

  • Z

    Zimbra Collaboration Server

    Zimbra is an open source server and client technology for enterprise messaging and collaboration.

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