Applications and infrastructure Definitions

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  • F

    forward error correction (FEC)

    Forward error correction (FEC) is a method of obtaining error control in data transmission in which the source (transmitter) sends redundant data and the destination (receiver) recognizes only the portion of the data that contains no apparent errors.

  • fronthaul

    Fronthaul, also known as mobile fronthaul, is a term that refers to the connection of the C-RAN, a new type of cellular network architecture of centralized baseband units (BBU), at the access layer of the network to remote standalone radio heads at cell sites.

  • G

    Galileo

    Galileo is the informal name for the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), a system that will offer users anywhere in the world "near pinpoint" geographic positioning when it becomes fully operational by 2008. Designed to be interoperable with the other two such systems, the United States' Global Positioning System (GPS) and Russia's Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), Galileo will enable a user to take a position from any combination of satellites with a single receiver.

  • gamer

    A gamer is a devoted player of electronic games, especially on machines especially designed for such games and, in a more recent trend, over the Internet.

  • Generic Access Network (GAN)

    The Generic Access Network (GAN) is an evolving wireless communications system in which mobile phone sets function seamlessly between local area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks (WANs)... (Continued)

  • geolocation

    Geolocation is the detection of the physical location of an Internet connected computing device. As a noun, geolocation refers to the physical location itself; as a verb, the term refers to the process of detecting that location.

  • geostationary satellite

    A geostationary satellite is an earth-orbiting satellite, placed at an altitude of approximately 35,800 kilometers (22,300 miles) directly over the equator, that revolves in the same direction the earth rotates (west to east)...

  • Global Positioning System (GPS)

    Global Positioning System (GPS) technology enables the user, through approximately 30 well-spaced, earth-orbiting satellites, to pinpoint one's geographic location through ground receivers and mobile devices.

  • Google Cloud Print

    Google Cloud Print is an online service that lets users print documents and other files from supported apps and mobile devices to any compatible printer.

  • Google Drive

    Google Drive is a free cloud-based storage service that enables users to store and access files online.

  • Google Firebase

    Google Firebase is a Google-backed application development software that enables developers to develop iOS, Android and Web apps.

  • Google Hangouts

    Google Hangouts is a unified communications service that allows one to participate in text, voice or video chats, either one-on-one or group. Hangouts are built into Google+ and Gmail, and mobile Google Hangouts apps are also available.

  • GPRS (General Packet Radio Services)

    General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) is a packet-based wireless communication service that promises data rates from 56 up to 114 Kbps and continuous connection to the Internet for mobile phone and computer users.

  • GPS messaging (Global Positioning System messaging or mid-air messaging)

    GPS (Global Positioning System) messaging is a wireless messaging system for location-specific rather than recipient-specific messages.

  • ground-plane antenna

    A ground-plane antenna is a variant of the dipole antenna, designed for use with an unbalanced feed line such as coaxial cable.

  • GSM (Global System for Mobile communication)

    GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is a digital mobile network that is widely used by mobile phone users in Europe and other parts of the world.

  • H

    handoff

    In a cellular telephone network, handoff is the transition for any given user of signal transmission from one base station to a geographically adjacent base station as the user moves around.

  • HDML (Handheld Device Markup Language)

    HDML (Handheld Device Markup Language) - often compared to Wireless Markup Language (WML) - is a language that allows the text portions of Web pages to be presented on cellular telephones and personal digital assistants (PDA) via wireless access.

  • helical antenna

    A helical antenna is a specialized antenna that emits and responds to electromagnetic fields with rotating (circular)polarization.

  • hertz

    Hertz is a unit of frequency (of change in state or cycle in a sound wave, alternating current, or other cyclical waveform) of one cycle per second.

  • Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6)

    Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) is the proposed enhancement of Mobile Internet Protocol versions 6 (MIPv6) that is designed to reduce the amount of signaling required and to improve handoffspeed for mobile connections.

  • HiperLAN

    MEO satellite"HiperLAN is a set of wireless local area network (WLAN) communication standards primarily used in European countries.

  • HomePNA

    HomePNA is an industry standard for interconnecting computers within a home using existing telephone lines and registered jack.

  • horn antenna

    A horn antenna is used for the transmission and reception of microwave signals.

  • HSDPA (High-Speed Downlink Packet Access)

    High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) is a packet-based mobile telephony protocol used in 3G UMTS radio networks. (...Continued)

  • HSPA (high speed packet access)

    HSPA (high speed packet access) is a third-generation (3G) mobile broadband communications technology.

  • hybrid mobile app dev

    Hybrid mobile app development is an approach to programming for mobile devices that combines the strengths of native programming and HTML5 mobile app development.

  • I

    IBM MobileFirst

    IBM MobileFirst is a group of products designed to simplify and accelerate mobile adoption by offering mobile application development and management in a single package.

  • inductive charging

    Inductive charging is a wireless charging method used for charging mid-sized items such as cell phones, MP3 players and PDAs... (Continued)

  • instant app (Google Android instant app)

    A Google Android instant app is a small software program that enables end users to test out a portion of a native Android app without installing it on a device.

  • Intel Bay Trail

    Intel Bay Trail is the code name for a line of Atom processors manufactured by Intel Corp.

  • IR wireless (infrared wireless)

    IR wireless is the use of wireless technology in devices or systems that convey data through infrared (IR) radiation.

  • IrDA (Infrared Data Association)

    5IrDA (Infrared Data Association) is an industry-sponsored organization set up in 1993 to create international standards for the hardware and software used in infrared communication links.

  • J

    join.me

    Join.me is an online meeting and screen-sharing application by LogMeIn.

  • K

    Kony

    Kony is a company that provides enterprise mobility products and services, including a mobile application development platform (MADP) and mobile backend as a service.

  • L

    LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

    LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for enabling anyone to locate data such as organizations, individuals and other resources such as files and devices in a network -- whether on the public internet or on a corporate intranet.

  • Lemon Wallet

    Lemon Wallet is a digital wallet application that allows users to store digital copies of identification, insurance, loyalty and payment cards, providing a backup in case a physical wallet is lost, stolen or left at home.

  • Lithium Ion battery (Li-Ion)

    A Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery is a rechargeable battery with twice the energy capacity of a Nickel-Cadmium battery and greater stability and safety.

  • location awareness

    Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application. The location is usually determined by one of three methods... (Continued)

  • LTE (Long Term Evolution)

    Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for 4G wireless broadband technology that offers increased network capacity and speed to mobile device users.

  • LTE-Advanced (Long Term Evolution-Advanced)

    Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-Advanced) is a cellular networking standard that offers higher throughput than its predecessor, the Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard.

  • M

    m-commerce (mobile commerce)

    M-commerce (mobile commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services through wireless handheld devices such as smartphones and tablets.

  • megachips per second (Mcps)

    Megachips per second (Mcps) is a measure of the speed with which encoding elements, called chips (not to be confused with microchips), are generated in Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) signals.

  • MEO satellite (medium earth orbit satellite)

    A medium earth orbit (MEO) satellite is one with an orbit within the range from a few hundred miles to a few thousand miles above the earth's surface.

  • Microsoft HoloLens

    Microsoft HoloLens is a virtual reality (VR) headset with transparent lenses for an augmented reality experience.

  • Microsoft Office for iPad

    Microsoft Office for iPad is an app that allows users to use Microsoft Office on an Apple iPad.

  • microwave integrated circuit (MIC)

    A microwave integrated circuit (MIC) is an integrated circuit (IC) designed for operation at frequencies of approximately 1 gigahertz (GHz) or more... (Continued)

  • MIMO (multiple input, multiple output)

    MIMO (multiple input, multiple output) is an antenna technology for wireless communications in which multiple antennas are used at both the source (transmitter) and the destination (receiver).

  • MISO (multiple input, single output)

    MISO (multiple input, single output) is an antenna technology for wireless communications in which multiple antennas are used at the source (transmitter).

  • mLife

    mLife is a multi-million dollar advertising campaign sponsored by AT&T to promote their wireless products and services.

  • mobile application development platform (MADP)

    A mobile application development platform (MADP) is a type of software that allows a business to rapidly build, test and perhaps deploy mobile apps for smartphones and tablets.

  • mobile application processor

    A mobile application processor is a system on a chip (SoC) designed to support applications running in a mobile operating system environment such as Android, Apple iOS, Windows CE/Mobile or Symbian.

  • mobile backend as a service (mobile BaaS)

    Mobile backend as a service is a cloud computing architecture that provides mobile applications with the resources they need to run.

  • mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP)

    A mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) is a development environment that provides tools and middleware to develop, test, deploy and manage corporate software running on mobile devices.

  • Mobile IP

    Mobile IP is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard communications protocol that is designed to allow mobile device users to move from one network to another while maintaining their permanent IP address.

  • Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6 or Mobile Internet Protocol version 6)

    Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) is a protocol developed as a subset of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) to support mobile connections.

  • mobile marketing

    Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.

  • mobile node

    A mobile node is an Internet-connected device whose location and point of attachment to the Internet may frequently be changed.

  • mobile payment (m-payment)

    Mobile payment is a point-of-sale transaction made through a mobile device.

  • mobile printing

    Mobile printing is the process of sending data to a printer wirelessly from a smartphone or tablet.

  • mobile productivity app (mobile productivity application)

    A mobile productivity app is a software program that allows smartphone, tablet and wearable device users to perform essential day-to-day tasks.

  • mobile satellite services (MSS)

    Mobile satellite services (MSS) refers to networks of communications satellites intended for use with mobile and portable wireless telephones.

  • mobile search

    Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.

  • Mobile service provider

    A mobile service provider (MSP) is a company that offers mobile communication services to users of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet PCs.

  • mobile workforce management (MWM)

    Mobile workforce management (MWM) is a category of software and related services used to manage employees working outside the company premises; the term is often used in reference to field teams.

  • mobility agent

    In Mobile Internet Protocol (Mobile IP), a mobility agent is a router that facilitates Internet traffic forwarding for a mobile node when its location is changed to somewhere other than its home network.

  • Mobitex

    Mobitex is a wireless network architecture that specifies a framework for the fixed equipment necessary to support all the wireless terminals in a packet-switched, radio-based communication system.

  • modem

    A modem modulates outgoing digital signals from a computer or other digital device to analog signals for a conventional copper twisted pair telephone line and demodulates the incoming analog signal and converts it to a digital signal for the digital device.

  • multi-touch

    Multi-touch, in a computing context, is an interface technology that enables input through pressure and gestures on multiple points on the surface of a device.

  • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)

    Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) - sometimes called Multimedia Messaging System - is a communications technology developed by 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) that allows users to exchange multimedia communications between capable mobile phones and other devices.

  • myoelectric signal (motor action potential)

    A myoelectric signal, also called a motor action potential, is an electrical impulse that produces contraction of muscle fibers in the body.

  • N

    Near Field Communication (NFC)

    Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range wireless connectivity standard (Ecma-340, ISO/IEC 18092) that uses magnetic field induction to enable communication between devices when they're touched together, or brought within a few centimeters of each other.

  • Nickel-Cadmium battery (Ni-Cd or NiCd)

    The Nickel Cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery is a type of battery commonly used in portable computers, camcorders, portable drills, and other small battery-powered devices, having an effective and even power discharge.

  • Nickel-Metal Hydride battery (Ni-MH or NiMH)

    The Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) battery is a rechargeable power source that is increasingly used in portable computers and other devices.

  • NOAA Weather Radio (NWR)

    NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) is an emergency broadcasting system operated by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, pronounced NO-ah).

  • O

    OLPC (One Laptop Per Child)

    The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.

  • online file sharing service

    An online file sharing service provides a way to store and access documents, data, photos and video in the cloud rather than storing the information locally on a device hard drive or removable media.

  • Open Handset Alliance (OHA)

    The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a coalition of more than 30 technology and mobile companies that introduced Android, an open source mobile phone operating system. (Continued...)

  • Open Multimedia Application Platform (OMAP)

    Open Multimedia Application Platform (OMAP) is the name of Texas Instrument’s application processor

  • Opera

    Opera is a Web browser that provides some advantages over the two most popular browsers from Netscape and Microsoft...(Continued)

  • optical wireless

    Optical wireless refers to the conbined use of two technologies - conventional radio-frequency (RF) wireless and optical fiber - for telecommunication.

  • Over the Air (OTA)

    Over The Air (OTA) (or Over-The-Air) is a standard for the transmission and reception of application-related information in a wireless communications system.

  • P

    package manager or package management system (PMS)

    A package manager, also known as a package management system (PMS), is a program used to install, uninstall and manage software packages.

  • Palm OS (Palm Operating System)

    Palm OS is the computer operating system that provides a software platform for the Palm series of handheld personal digital assistants (PDAs) made by Palm Inc.

  • PC-DOS (Personal Computer - Disk Operating System)

    Also see DOS. PC-DOS (Personal Computer - Disk Operating System) was the first widely-installed operating system used in personal computers.

  • Pentium 4 (P4)

    Pentium 4 (P4) is the Intel processor (codenamed Willamette) that was released in November 2000. The P4 processor has a viable clock speed that now exceeds 2 gigahertz (GHz) - as compared to the 1 GHz of the Pentium 3. P4 had the first totally new chip architecture since the 1995 Pentium Pro.

  • peripheral

    A peripheral (pronounced peh-RIHF-uh-ruhl, a noun truncation of peripheral device, ) is any computer device that is not part of the essential computer (the processor, memory, and data paths) but is situated relatively close by.

  • personal area network (PAN)

    A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.

  • personal operating space (POS)

    A personal operating space (POS) is a roughly spherical region that surrounds a portable or handheld digital wireless device operated by a person.

  • Personal Response System (PRS)

    In education, the Personal Response System (PRS) is an instructional technology tool composed of a proprietary software application that is installed on the facilitator's computer, a wireless receiver, and hand-held infrared transmitters that have been assigned to students to record their responses to multiple choice or yes/no questions.

  • picture messaging (photo messaging)

    Picture messaging (sometimes called photo messaging) is the practice of taking a picture with a built-in camera on a mobile phone or other handheld device and sending it to another mobile device or an e-mail recipient.

  • processor serial number (PSN)

    A PSN (processor serial number) is a software-readable unique serial number that Intel has stamped into its Pentium 3 microprocessor.

  • public land mobile network (PLMN)

    (pu A public land mobile network (PLMN) is any wireless communications system intended for use by terrestrial subscribers in vehicles or on foot.

  • push notification

    Push notification, also called server push notification, is the delivery of information from a software application to a computing device without a specific request from the client.

  • push voice

    Push Voice is a service that enables functionality normally associated with PBX-based phone systems for cellular phones or other mobile handsets... (Continued)

  • Q

    Quarter Video Graphics Array (QVGA)

    QVGA (Quarter Video Graphics Array) is a small-screen display mode in which the resolution is 320 pixels horizontally by 240 pixels vertically (320 x 240). This is 25 percent of the total number of pixels afforded by the VGA (Video Graphics Array) display mode originally introduced by IBM in 1987... (Continued)

  • R

    radio charging

    Radio charging is a wireless charging method used to charge items with small batteries and low power requirements, such as watches, hearing aids and wireless keyboards and mice... (Continued)

  • Radio Data System (RDS)

  • rain fade

    Rain fade is an interruption of wireless communication signals as a result of rain or snow droplets whose separation approximates the signal wavelengths.

  • real-time location system (RTLS)

    A real-time location system (RTLS) is one of a number of technologies used to pinpoint the current geographic position and location of a target.

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