Networking Definitions

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  • A

    Airborne Internet (A.I.)

    The Airborne Internet is a proposed network intended for use in aviation communications, navigation, and surveillance (CNS).

  • American Radio Relay League (ARRL)

    The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is a worldwide organization of amateur radio operators with its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut, USA. The organization was founded in 1914 by Hiram P. Maxim.

  • Aruba's Mobile Virtual Enterprise (MOVE)

    Aruba’s Mobile Virtual Enterprise (MOVE) is a network architecture that provides a unified process for wired, wireless and remote access for users on both company-owned and employee-owned devices.

  • wireless access point

    A wireless access point (wireless AP) is a network device that transmits and receives data over a wireless local area network (WLAN). Typically, wireless routers are used in homes and small businesses where all users can be supported by one combined AP and router.

  • B

    Bluetooth

    Bluetooth technology allows computers, mobile devices and accessories to easily interconnect with each other. A Bluetooth connection is wireless and works over a short range.

  • C

    Cell of Origin (COO)

    Cell of Origin (COO) is a mobile positioning technique for finding a caller's cell (the basic geographical coverage unit of a cellular telephone system) location.

  • common short code (CSC)

    Common short codes (CSC) are short telephone numbers, usually consisting of five digits, that are used to address SMS and MMS messages from cellular telephones. Common short codes may also be called mobile short codes or short numbers... (Continued)

  • D

    D-AMPS (Digital-Advanced Mobile Phone Service)

    D-AMPS (Digital-Advanced Mobile Phone Service), sometimes spelled DAMPS, is a digital version of AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service), the original analog standard for cellular telephone phone service in the United States.

  • Deep Space Network (DSN)

    The Deep Space Network (DSN) is a sophisticateddata communications system used by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in conjunction with manned and unmanned space missions.

  • direct broadcast satellite (DBS)

    Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) refers to satellite television (TV) systems in which the subscribers, or end users, receive signals directly from geostationary satellites.

  • E

    electromagnetic interference (EMI)

    EMI (electromagnetic interference) is the disruption of operation of an electronic device when it is in the vicinity of an electromagnetic field (EM field) in the radio frequency (RF) spectrum that is caused by another electronic device.

  • ESMR (Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio)

    Also see Specialized Mobile Radio (SMR).

  • F

    flash mob

    A flash mob is a group of strangers who organize themselves, using electronic media such as cell phones or the Internet, to gather together in a public place, behave in a predetermined (and often silly) manner for a predetermined amount of time, and then quickly disperse... (Continued)

  • FlashMob supercomputer

    A FlashMob supercomputer is a group of computer enthusiasts who gather together in one physical location for a brief time period in order to function as a supercomputer and work on a single problem.

  • fronthaul

    Fronthaul, also known as mobile fronthaul, is a term that refers to the connection of the C-RAN, a new type of cellular network architecture of centralized baseband units (BBU), at the access layer of the network to remote standalone radio heads at cell sites.

  • G

    Galileo

    Galileo is the informal name for the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), a system that will offer users anywhere in the world "near pinpoint" geographic positioning when it becomes fully operational by 2008. Designed to be interoperable with the other two such systems, the United States' Global Positioning System (GPS) and Russia's Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), Galileo will enable a user to take a position from any combination of satellites with a single receiver.

  • Generic Access Network (GAN)

    The Generic Access Network (GAN) is an evolving wireless communications system in which mobile phone sets function seamlessly between local area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks (WANs)... (Continued)

  • Google Hangouts

    Google Hangouts is a unified communications service that allows one to participate in text, voice or video chats, either one-on-one or group. Hangouts are built into Google+ and Gmail, and mobile Google Hangouts apps are also available.

  • GSM (Global System for Mobile communication)

    GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is a digital mobile network that is widely used by mobile phone users in Europe and other parts of the world.

  • H

    Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6)

    Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) is the proposed enhancement of Mobile Internet Protocol versions 6 (MIPv6) that is designed to reduce the amount of signaling required and to improve handoffspeed for mobile connections.

  • HomePNA

    HomePNA is an industry standard for interconnecting computers within a home using existing telephone lines and registered jack.

  • L

    location awareness

    Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application. The location is usually determined by one of three methods... (Continued)

  • M

    MEO satellite (medium earth orbit satellite)

    A medium earth orbit (MEO) satellite is one with an orbit within the range from a few hundred miles to a few thousand miles above the earth's surface.

  • mLife

    mLife is a multi-million dollar advertising campaign sponsored by AT&T to promote their wireless products and services.

  • Mobile IP

    Mobile IP is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard communications protocol that is designed to allow mobile device users to move from one network to another while maintaining their permanent IP address.

  • Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6 or Mobile Internet Protocol version 6)

    Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) is a protocol developed as a subset of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) to support mobile connections.

  • mobile node

    A mobile node is an Internet-connected device whose location and point of attachment to the Internet may frequently be changed.

  • modem

    A modem modulates outgoing digital signals from a computer or other digital device to analog signals for a conventional copper twisted pair telephone line and demodulates the incoming analog signal and converts it to a digital signal for the digital device.

  • multi-touch

    Multi-touch, in a computing context, is an interface technology that enables input through pressure and gestures on multiple points on the surface of a device.

  • O

    OLPC (One Laptop Per Child)

    The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.

  • Opera

    Opera is a Web browser that provides some advantages over the two most popular browsers from Netscape and Microsoft...(Continued)

  • P

    personal area network (PAN)

    A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.

  • personal operating space (POS)

    A personal operating space (POS) is a roughly spherical region that surrounds a portable or handheld digital wireless device operated by a person.

  • R

    rain fade

    Rain fade is an interruption of wireless communication signals as a result of rain or snow droplets whose separation approximates the signal wavelengths.

  • RMON (Remote Network Monitoring)

    RMON (Remote Network Monitoring) provides standard information that a network administrator can use to monitor, analyze, and troubleshoot a group of distributed local area networks (LANs) and interconnecting T-1/E-1 and T-2/E-3 lines from a central site.

  • S

    satellite

    In general, a satellite is anything that orbits something else, as, for example, the moon orbits the earth.

  • solar fade (sun interference)

    Solar fade, also called sun interference, is a phenomenon that occurs in satellite communications on certain occasions when the downlink signal is aligned with the sun's position and it is overcome by signal noise from the sun.

  • T

    text messaging (texting or wireless messaging)

    Text messaging is the act of sending short, alphanumeric communications between cellphones, pagers or other hand-held devices, as implemented by a wireless carrier.

  • V

    VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal)

    VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) is a satellite communications system that serves home and business users.

  • W

    Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)

    Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security standard for users of computing devices equipped with wireless internet connections, or Wi-Fi.

  • WiDEN (Wideband Integrated Digital Enhanced Network)

    WiDEN (Wideband Integrated Digital Enhanced Network) is an upgraded version of iDEN (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network), a wireless communications technology originally developed by Motorola in 1993 and deployed by Nextel in 1996 to combine the capabilities of digital cellular telephone, two-way radio, alphanumeric pager and data/fax modem in a single network... (Continued)

  • wireless ad-hoc network (WANET)

    A wireless ad-hoc network (WANET) is a type of local area network (LAN) that is built spontaneously to enable two or more wireless devices to be connected to each other without requiring a central device, such as a router or access point.

  • wireless LAN (WLAN or Wireless Local Area Network)

    A wireless LAN is one in which a mobile user can connect to a local area network (LAN) through a wireless (radio) connection.

  • wireless router

    A wireless router is a device in a WLAN (wireless local area network) that determines the next network point to which a packet should be forwarded toward its destination. A wireless router works in the same way as the router in a hard-wired home or business LAN (local area network), but allows greater mobility for notebook or portable computers.

  • wireless Web

    The wireless Web refers to use of the World Wide Web through a wireless device, such as a cellular telephone or personal digital assistant (PDA).

  • WPAN (wireless personal area network)

    A WPAN (wireless personal area network) is a personal area network - a network for interconnecting devices centered around an individual person's workspace - in which the connections are wireless.

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