A BYOD policy, or bring-your-own-device policy, is a set of rules governing a corporate IT department’s level of support for employee-owned PCs, smartphones and tablets.
A BYOD policy can take many different forms. Some organizations cut back on corporate-issued PCs and laptops, instead giving employees a stipend to purchase and maintain technology equipment of their choosing. More commonly, however, organizations will agree to support personal mobile devices -- at least to some degree -- in addition to corporate-issued equipment. The rules in a BYOD policy often vary depending on a user’s role in the organization, his or her specific device, application requirements and other factors.
The consumerization of IT has highlighted the need for bring-your-own-device policy development. Employees use their own PCs and mobile devices for business tasks whether their IT departments support them or not, and a BYOD policy can help control this usage and mitigate its security risks.