A microwave integrated circuit (MIC) is an integrated circuit (IC) designed for operation at frequencies of approximately 1 gigahertz (GHz) or more. Such components are physically small, in some cases having less than one square millimeter (1 mm2) of surface area.
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An MIC can contain an entire electronic device on a single semiconductor wafer. Applications include:
- Self-contained cellular telephones.
- Receivers and transmitters for wireless systems.
- Electromagnetic transponders.
- Receivers for GPS (Global Positioning System) applications.
- Collision-avoidance systems for automobiles and trucks.
- Pollution detection and measurement devices.
- Medical devices.
- Imaging systems.
- Robot control systems.